CJUS 330 Judicial Process Test 1 Answers • •             Question 1 2 out of 2 points Which term refers to the methods of enforcing legal obligations? •             Question 2 2 out of 2 points The operation of two separate and distinct court systems in the United States is referred to as: •             Question 3 2 out of 2 points Another word for stare decisis is: •             Question 4 2 out of 2 points Much of the Bill of Rights has been made applicable to the states through the: •             Question 5 1.5 out of 1.5 points The mental state required for a crime to have been committed is referred to as the actus reus. •             Question 6 1.5 out of 1.5 points To be criminal, an act must be voluntary. •             Question 7 1.5 out of 1.5 points Legislatures did not become a principal source of law in the United States until the 20th century. •             Question 8 1.5 out of 1.5 points The due process model emphasizes protecting the rights of the individual. •             Question 9 2 out of 2 points CASE 2.1 The founding fathers engaged in a vigorous debate over whether there should be a federal court system separate from the state systems. Those who supported a strong federal judiciary ultimately prevailed. Subsequent expansion of the federal courts has created a contemporary controversy over how to alleviate the problem of rising caseloads within the federal court system. Which of the following statements regarding proposals to reduce federal caseloads is TRUE? •             Question 10 2 out of 2 points Which Article of the U.S. Constitution provides the basis for the federal judiciary? •             Question 11 2 out of 2 points What is one of the major weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation prior to 1787? •             Question 12 2 out of 2 points Drug prosecutions account for approximately what percentage of all federal criminal cases? •             Question 13 1.5 out of 1.5 points Article III judges are nominated by the President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate. •             Question 14 1.5 out of 1.5 points The federal courts set the parameters for the operations of the criminal justice system. •             Question 15 1.5 out of 1.5 points The United States has one national court system plus separate court systems in each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Selected Answer: •             Question 16 0 out of 1.5 points In misdemeanor and petty offense cases, U.S. magistrate judges may preside over trials, accept pleas of guilty, and also impose sentences. Selected Answer: •             Question 17 2 out of 2 points Which type of panels are typically used by intermediate courts of appeals? Selected Answer:            . rotating three-judge panel •             Question 18 2 out of 2 points In Ewing v. California (2002), the U.S. Supreme Court enacted what State of California law? Selected Answer:            . three strikes •             Question 19 2 out of 2 points About __________ cases are filed each year in the major trial courts of the states. Selected Answer:            . 31.9 •             Question 20 0 out of 2 points To be eligible for drug treatment by drug courts, defendants: Selected Answer:            . may be charged with drug possession or drug sale. •             Question 21 1.5 out of 1.5 points Most criminal cases do not go to trial. Selected Answer: •             Question 22 0 out of 1.5 points In domestic violence courts, a single judge handles multiple criminal, family court, and divorce cases involving the same defendant. Selected Answer: •             Question 23 1.5 out of 1.5 points Citizens are more likely to have contact with a trial court of limited jurisdiction than with any other type of court. Selected Answer: •             Question 24 1.5 out of 1.5 points A century ago, state courts systems included only a single appellate body—the state court of last resort. Selected Answer: •             Question 25 0 out of 2 points Which state suprem…

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