Purpose

This assignment is all about formatting with CSS. You will create an external stylesheet that contains CSS style rules. These style rules will format your pages and turn text navigation links into an attractive navigation bar.

Assignment Instructions

In this Assignment, you will create an external Cascading Style Sheet (CSS). You will create a History page for a restaurant website. Since the restaurant is family-owned, the History page may include some background information about the family. This page may also tell a story about how the restaurant was started and/or how the recipes came to be part of the menu. You should include at least 50 words on this page.

Assignment Requirements

  1. Create a History page from the website template.
    • Open template.html in Notepad to edit.
    • Type the restaurant name and the text “History” in the title tag.
    • Add a level 1 (h1) heading inside the header of the page. Include logical heading text for the History page.
    • Between <nav> and </nav> tags, add navigation links to your navigation code for the History and Menu pages:
      • <ul>
      • <li><a href=”history.html”>History</a></li>
      • <li><a href=”menu.html”>Menu</a></li>
      • </ul>
    • Save the page as history.html.
    • Close history.html
  1. Create a Menu page from the website template.
    • Open template.html in Notepad to edit.
    • Type the restaurant name and the text “Menu” in the title tag.
    • Add a level 1 (h1) heading inside the header of the page. Include logical heading text for the Menu page.
    • Between <nav> and </nav> tags, add navigation links to your navigation code for the History and Menu pages:
      • <ul>
      • <li><a href=”history.html”>History</a></li>
      • <li><a href=”menu.html”>Menu</a></li>
      • </ul>
    • Save the page as menu.html
    • Close menu.html
  1. Create an external Cascading Style Sheet (CSS) document named styles.css. This code will apply to the Web page elements, adding specific styling and design to the page content.
    • Open a new blank document in Notepad
    • Format the element coded into your HTML pages using CSS. The selector identifies the element that will be formatted, such as body, header, main.
    • Notice there is an ID named #container. This is standard practice for creating an invisible “box” around the entire page content. This helps develop fluid pages for mobile devices and gives a parent element to hold all page elements. It could be named anything, but container is standard.
    • Type the code below into the page, exactly as shown:
      • @charset “utf-8”;
      • body {
      • background-color: #9b30ff;
      • font-family: Arial, Tahoma, sans-serif;
      • color: #000000;
      • }
      • h1 {
      • color: #ffffff;
      • }
      • header {
      • background-color: #000000;
      • color: #ffffff;
      • text-align: center;
      • padding: 5px;
      • width: 80%;
      • margin-left: 10%;
      • }
      • #container {
      • width: 100%;
      • }
    • Save.
    • The next section of CSS formats the main content area and the footer. The footer must include the clear: both; style rule so it is placed below all other content on the page.
    • Type the code below into the page, after the last } bracket:
      • main {
      • width: 80%;
      • background-color: #ffffff;
      • float: left;
      • padding: 5px;
      • margin-left: 10%;
      • }
      • footer {
      • clear: both;
      • background-color: #000000;
      • color: #ffffff;
      • text-align: center;
      • margin-left: 10%;
      • padding: 5px;
      • font-size: 12pt;
      • width: 80%;
      • }
    • Save as styles.css. Don’t forget to select All Files from the drop menu when you save.
  1. Link your external CSS document to your Web pages.
    • Open history.html in Notepad to edit
    • Type the link tag exactly as shown between </title> and </head>
      • <link rel=”stylesheet” type=”text/css” href=”styles.css”>
    • Save and close.
    • Open menu.html in Notepad to edit.
    • Type the link tag exactly as shown between </title> and </head>
      • <link rel=”stylesheet” type=”text/css” href=”styles.css”>
    • Save and close.
  1. Edit CSS to apply formatting to navigation links within a Web page.
    • Type the following CSS code into styles.css. This code will format your navigation links, rendering the list and links into a decorative and functional navigation bar.
      • nav {
      • color: #000000;
      • padding: 5px;
      • width: 80%;
      • margin-left: 10%;
      • font-weight: bold;
      • }
      • nav ul {
      • list-style: none;
      • }
      • nav ul li {
      • float: left;
      • padding: 5px;
      • }
      • nav ul li a:link, nav ul li a:visited {
      • display: block;
      • width: 150px;
      • margin-right: 4px;
      • color: #000000;
      • padding: 2px 4px 2px 4px;
      • background-color: #ffffff;
      • text-decoration: none;
      • }
      • nav ul li a:hover {
      • color: #ffffff;
      • background-color: #9b30ff;
      • }
    • Save and close.
  1. Upload history.html, menu.html, and styles.css to the server.
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