Introduction The Community of West, Texas, suffered a catastrophic explosion on April 17, 2013, in the evening. Following the fire outbreak insider the West Fertilizer Plant, an enormous blast ensured and triggered millions of dollars in damage to the adjacent buildings, and killed a dozen individuals. The considerable proportion of people who succumbed to the explosion, sadly, were volunteered firefighters following their response to the outbreak. They never managed to retreat to a secure and safe distance prior to this devastating and heartbreaking explosion. Almost 200 injuries stood further reported to have had treatment at the nearby healthcare centers. It was indicated that the combination of the fire and colossal ammonium nitrate fertilizer stored at the plant triggered the explosion. This disastrous event received instant coverage from the different news agencies alongside journalist crossways the nation. Various state, local alongside federal agencies responded to the explosion area as first responders as well as post-event detectives. The sixth Civil Support Team of the Army National Guard of Texas was also deployed to the scene the next day to help. The US Geological Survey indicated that the blast recorded the same as the 2.10 magnitude earthquake. It registered to have destroyed one hundred and forty homes and many other buildings including a middle school as well as a retirement home. The detectives indicated that the explosion had left behind a crater that measured almost 10 feet deep and as wide as 100 feet. Understanding the Incident The WFC was established in the year 1962. Since then, the company had been supplying fertilizer to farmers. By 2013, WFC was under the ownership of Adair Grain, Inc. The facility employed 9 employees. The Adair Grain Incorporation was under the full ownership of Donald Adair alongside Wanda, his wife. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), at the point of explosion, had inspected the plant last in the year 1985 (Dai et al., 2015). The plant was cited by OSHA to have had improper anhydrous ammonia storage and got fined 30 dollars. The company could have been fined as much as 1,000 dollars by OSHA. However, the officials of OSHA indicated that WFC plant was never on OSHA’s “National Emphasis Plan” for inspection since WFC was never a manufacturer firm and lacked any disastrous accident history. Moreover, the plant was never regarded as a major by the Environmental Protection Agency (Babrauskas, 2016). Following the 2006 complainant regarding the smell of ammonia arising from the Plant, the Commission on Environmental Quality of Texas probed and subsequently its operator was cited for lacking a 2 stowage tanks permit which had ammonia (anhydrous) in store. After the operator had aligned the facility to the recommendations and regulations of the agency, it received the permit. Moreover, EPA, in 2006, fined the WFC’s owners 2,300 dollars for such problems as failure to file a program for risk management plan promptly. The United States Department of Transport’s Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (USDTPHMSA) in 2012 additionally fined WFC 5,250 dollars for breaches concerning storage of anhydrous ammonia (Huang et al., 2015). The plant also suffered from a prolonged history of minor thefts by individuals who wanted to make methamphetamine via anhydrous ammonia. The WFC did not have burglar alarms leave alone fenced parameter. In the year 2009, the facility installed the surveillance system following the recommendation by the law enforcement. The WFC report filled with EPA regarding its emergency planning, the officials indicated that tanks for storing ammonia never represented substantial explosion or fire hazard. Indeed, the task remained intact even after the fire outbreak and the resulting explosion. The WFC’s last filling in late 2012 with EPA, they illustrated that the total ammonia nitrate stored amounted to 540,000 pounds and 110,00…

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