1) Reliability

We said that TCP provides reliability guarantees, but UDP doesn’t. Yet, many applications run over UDP that one would imagine want reliability — DNS is a perfect example. How is it possible for an application (like DNS) to run over UDP, yet still enjoy reliable data transfer?

2) RDT Tools

For each of our RDT tools, describe what their mission is. Also describe their shortcomings.

3) ACK vs. NAK

I’d like you to think about why a protocol might use ACKs instead of NAKs.

Imagine a protocol that only uses NAKs. What would happen if the sender infrequently sends segments? Would NAK be better?

Now, suppose the sender has lots of data to send. Is that better? Why or why not?

Does it depend on the error rate? What if there are few errors? Which is better?

4) Sequence Numbers

Think about the GBN protocol with a window size of 4 and a 10-bit sequence number (i.e. sequence numbers are in the range 0 – 1023). Suppose that the receiver’s expected sequence number is k. Assume the network doesn’t re-order messages.

What are the possible ranges of sequence numbers in the sender’s window? Why?

What are all possible values in any ACK messages currently in flight back to the sender? Why?

Looking for solution of this Assignment?


We deliver quality original papers

Our experts write quality original papers using academic databases.  

Free revisions

We offer our clients multiple free revisions just to ensure you get what you want.

Discounted prices

All our prices are discounted which makes it affordable to you. Use code FIRST15 to get your discount

100% originality

We deliver papers that are written from scratch to deliver 100% originality. Our papers are free from plagiarism and NO similarity

On-time delivery

We will deliver your paper on time even on short notice or  short deadline, overnight essay or even an urgent essay