New Testament Survey Study Guides: Module/Week 1 Derived from the course text book, The Essence of the New Testament: A Survey (2016), and the New Testament documents. Chapter 1: How We Got the New Testament 1.      How many documents make up the New Testament (ENT, 1)? 2.      The New Testament was written approximately between ­­­____ and ____ (ENT, 1). 3.      What kind of materials were the New Testament documents written on (ENT, 1)? 4.      What is the original/actual New Testament document called (ENT, 1–2)? 5.      Define codex in reference to the early New Testament writings (ENT, 2). 6.      What was the Latin codex collection called (ENT, 2)? 7.      In the study of the New Testament, what does the term canon refer to (ENT, 2)? 8.      What three languages did God choose as the media for his self-revelation (ENT, 2)? 9.      The Old Testament was primarily written in ______ (ENT, 2). 10.  Parts of Daniel and Ezra were written in ______ (ENT, 2). 11.  The New Testament was written in ______  (ENT, 2). 12.  ______ ______was the language of the common people (ENT, 2). 13.  Why do you think God allowed the autographs to vanish (see ENT, 3)? 14.  In spite of the absence of the autographs, approximately 6,000 Greek manuscripts and an additional 13,000 fragments of the New Testament documents exist, providing significant manuscript evidence for New Testament scholars (ENT, 3). 15.  Motivators for a New Testament canon include the heretic ________ and the heretical movement known as __________ (ENT, 3). 16.  Marcion was a _____________ who held a negative view of God as presented in the Old Testament (ENT, 3). 17.  Marcion rejected the Old Testament and as a consequence, he only accepted the Gospel according to Luke and ten Pauline epistles (ENT, 3). 18.  ____________ was a movement that developed in the second century AD. This heretical movement believed that salvation was found in attaining “special knowledge” (ENT, 3). 19.  Why are Marcion and Gnosticism so important in relation to a New Testament canon (see ENT, 3)? 20.  Discuss four clues that indicate a canonical consciousness among earliest Christians (ENT, 3–5). 21.  Name and describe the six tests for recognizing whether a book should be considered part of the canon (ENT, 5–6)? 22.  Name two so-called Gospels that were not considered authoritative for Christians because they fail the criteria for canonicity (ENT, 6). 23.  What does the a priori argument for the New Testament canon of Scripture state (ENT, 6–7)? 24.  Delineate the five points of the premise upon which the a priori argument for the New Testament canon is based (ENT, 7). 25.  What is the name of the Greek translation of the Hebrew Old Testament that was produced about 200 years before the birth of Christ (200–250 B.C.) (ENT, 7)? 26.  Aramaic translations of the Hebrew Old Testament were known as ________ (ENT, 7). 27.  What is the difference between an essentially literal translation theory and the functional or dynamic equivalence theory (ENT, 10–12)? Chapter 2: Interpreting the New Testament 1.      Describe the approach to interpreting the Bible recommended in the Essence of the New Testament (ENT, 15). 2.      The view that “readers of Scripture must understand the grammar and the historical setting of the passage in order to understand correctly and apply any passage with confidence” is known as the __________________________ to Scripture (ENT, 15). 3.      Decisions regarding interpretation are filtered through a person’s _______________ (ENT, 15). 4.      What two universal concepts should you keep in mind when reading the Bible (ENT, 16)? 5.      What three types of context are crucial to correctly interpreting Scripture (ENT, 16–17)? 6.      ______________ happens when a verse of Scripture is quoted to prove a point without considering the literary context of the verse (ENT, 17). 7.      Can proof texting be done correctly? If yes, explain (ENT, 17). 8.      The analogy of faith …

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