1. According to Fichman, Kohli, & Krisnan (2011), healthcare will benefit from innovative technology and information systems (IS) that can potentially reduce costs and improve outcomes. In the health care field, there are potential medical errors that can happen, which is expensive, increase patient stays, and cost human lives. Therefore, IS can help reduce errors through sensing, controlling, and monitoring. Moreover, there is much critical information that can put at risk, between patients and other parties. If patients’ information is compromised, it can create a dilemma for the organizations.

For IS to be successful, it has to be asses the extent to which it will achieve expected goals (Calman, Kitson, & Hauser, 2007). Our healthcare system cannot afford to engage in new technologies without weighing the risks and benefits. The expansion of technology needs to have a solid base of evidence that shows the cost and value of IT development (Calman, Kitson, & Hauser, 2007 ). The reason for having electronic health records it to have patients data to be easily accessed by other providers in order to provide the best care.

Information systems can improve patient safety and quality care because they can minimize errors and prevent other people from gaining access without authorization.

2. The article is a great read and provides an overview of the role of health information systems and its future implications (Fichman, Kohli, & Krishnan, 2011). It is very important that when potential healthcare risks extend to larger population then the risk of improper resource utilization can put the patient at risk. Therefore, information system should always be developed in conjunction with the idea to support public health policy. The multidisciplinary and team care approach of healthcare needs lesser of the hierarchical structure that exists today. Only through better team based healthcare we can achieve good results (Buljac-Samardzic, Dekker-van Doorn, van Wijngaarden, & van Wijk, 2010; Grumbach & Bodenheimer, 2004; Spence & Reddy, 2011). Evidence based personalized healthcare is the future that may drive consumer to actively participate in healthcare decisions with their caregiver. Thus, access to health information will be a crucial element in the design for future technology(Engelhardt, 2017; Kannampallil et al., 2013) . The future new design of health information systems that complements the clinician’s cognition and improves patient safety will drive our healthcare forward.

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